Difference between revisions of "SGI Fuel"

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[[Image:SGI_Fuel.jpg|thumbnail|An SGI Fuel]]
 
[[Image:SGI_Fuel.jpg|thumbnail|An SGI Fuel]]
 +
[[Image:Fuel-front.jpg|thumbnail|Another SGI Fuel]]
  
== General information ==
+
The Silicon Graphics Fuel, introduced in 2002, was intended to be a single-CPU midrange solution
 +
for those customers who did not need multiple-CPU capability, thus offering a much cheaper system
 +
compared to a baseline Tezro or top-spec single-CPU Octane2. There is at least one anecdotal report that the Fuel was still being manufactured as late as 2010, though in theory availability of all MIPS-based products ended in 2007.<ref name=FuelManufacturing>{{cite web |url=http://www.sunhelp.org/pipermail/rescue/2015-April/136729.html |title=Whither Solaris 10 |mailing-list=sunhelp-rescue |date=April 28 2015 |last=Sturges |first=Jonathan}}</ref>
 +
<!-- Note: This should be using the template "cite mailing list", but we don't have it yet. -->
  
The Silicon Graphics Fuel, introduced in 2002, is the successor to the [[O2]] as an entry-level workstation.
+
Contrary to popular belief, Fuel was not a successor to O2. SGI never made a follow-on to O2; a
 +
new system was designed (internally known as the Banana2000 or b2k) but was never developed beyond a prototype.
  
== System architecture ==
+
== System Architecture ==
  
Fuel shares the IP35-architecture with [[Origin 300]], [[Origin 3000]], [[Onyx 3000]] and [[Tezro]] systems.  
+
Fuel shares the IP35-architecture with [[Origin 300]], [[Origin 350]], [[Origin 3000]], [[Onyx 3000]] and [[Tezro]] systems.  
  
== CPU options ==
+
=== CPU Options ===
  
 
*1 500 or 600 MHz [[R14000A]] [[MIPS]] processor.
 
*1 500 or 600 MHz [[R14000A]] [[MIPS]] processor.
 
*1 700, 800 or 900 MHz [[R16000]] [[MIPS]] processor.
 
*1 700, 800 or 900 MHz [[R16000]] [[MIPS]] processor.
  
There are 4 DIMM slots on the motherboard and memory is expandable to 4 GB using  [[DDR-SDRAM]] [[DIMM]]s.
+
=== Memory Subsystem ===
  
== I/O ==
+
On introduction SGI claimed an industry-leading 3.2 GByte-per-second processor to memory bandwidth, and half that to the graphics subsystem. The DIMMS used are compatible with those used in the [[Origin 3000]], [[Origin 300]], [[Origin 350]], and the [[Tezro]]. There are a total of four slots, organized into two banks of two slots. This results in a memory capacity from 512 MBytes to 4 Gbytes total system memory.
 +
 
 +
{{:Origin 3000 Memory}}
 +
 
 +
=== I/O Subsystem ===
  
 
*PS2 Mouse/Keyboard ports
 
*PS2 Mouse/Keyboard ports
Line 27: Line 36:
 
*SCSI CDROM
 
*SCSI CDROM
  
== Graphics ==
+
=== Graphics Subsystem ===
  
 
The [[VPro]] graphics chipset that SGI started for the [[Octane2]] was also used for this system.  
 
The [[VPro]] graphics chipset that SGI started for the [[Octane2]] was also used for this system.  
*[[VPro10]] 32 MegaBytes RAM
+
*[[VPro|VPro10]] 32 MegaBytes RAM
*[[VPro12]] 128 MegaBytes RAM
+
*[[VPro|VPro12]] 128 MegaBytes RAM
*for V12: Dual Channel Display option (2 DVI-I ports)
+
*Dual Channel Display option (2 DVI-I ports)
  
== Sound ==
+
=== Sound ===
Fuel comes with no sound option installed, however the system can be expanded with PCI or USB soundcards.
+
  
 +
Fuel comes with no sound option installed, however the system can be expanded with PCI or USB soundcards (see "Add-on options")
  
== Add-on options ==
+
=== System ID ===
 +
The System ID is stored in a Atmel EPROM and [[DS1742W-120]], as discussed on [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16726062 this] forum topic.
  
Digital Media
+
=== Power Supply ===
 +
The Fuel used several different power supplies over the life of the model. These units conform to the WTX specification, which has at minimum a different pinout from contemporary ATX units. It is believed that SGI also requested other changes for this application, including a special monitoring circuit documented [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725574&start=30#p7345870 here] and [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725574&sid=d7a9c3686ef8ba3fa4acafc4e969c620&start=75#p7388707 here] in the forums.
 +
* NMB GM430WTXW01SSV rev. 02 (430W), OEM P/N SG002A430WSW, SGI P/N 060-0140-004 rev B
 +
* HIPRO HP-W460GC33 (460W), SGI p/n 060-0140-007
 +
* Sparkle FSP460-60PFN (460W), SGI p/n 060-0202-001
 +
See the '''Troubleshooting''' section for more information about Fuel power supplies.
  
*DM3 High-Definition and Standard-Definition Digital I/O
+
== Add-On Options ==
*DM5 High-Definition and Standard-Definition Graphics-to-Video Output
+
*DM6 Standard-Definition Digital I/O
+
*DM8 Audio Card
+
*[[DM10]] 1394 (FireWire) Card. 400 Mbps
+
  
Audio PCI Cards
+
First section will cover PCI/PCI-X cards, with the official SGI Digital Media options listed first, then alphabetical by interface/function. Second section will cover devices interfaced through said cards that are known to work. ('''ToDo''': Determine if this is useful to abstract into a separate page that can be ''included'' for all IP35-family machines)
  
*M-audio Revolution 7.1 PCI card
 
*RAD Digital Audio PCI card 3.3 volt cards only! SGI Part # 030-1441-001 & SGI Part # 030-1649-001
 
*Creative Soundblaster Audigy2 ZS
 
  
SCSI PCI Cards:
+
'''SGI Digital Media Pro PCI Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*[[DMediaPro|DM6]] Standard-Definition Digital I/O
 +
** SGI Part # 013-3745-00x, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?p=7333680 this thread] for details
 +
*[[DMediaPro|DM8]] Audio Card
 +
*[[DMediaPro|DM10]] 1394 (FireWire) Card. 400 Mbps
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Audio PCI Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*M-audio Revolution 7.1 PCI card (the OEM version of the DM8)
 +
*RAD Digital Audio PCI cards, 3.3 volt cards only!
 +
** Native 3.3 volt-only cards, SGI Part # 030-1441-001 & SGI Part # 030-1649-001
 +
** Modified 5 volt cards, SGI Part # 030-0950-00?, '''only after modification''' per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=13962 this thread]
 +
*Creative Soundblaster Audigy, P/N SB0090, produces a warning message on boot (relating to the unsupported PCI-Firewire interface on the card) but works fine per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725195&p=7340993#p7340993 this thread]
 +
*Creative Soundblaster Audigy ES, P/N SB0160, according to [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727598 this post] - produces the same warning as the SB0090 above
 +
*Creative Soundblaster Audigy2 ZS, with audio sync issues per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&p=7339567#p7339567 this post]
 +
 
 +
''see USB Devices for more audio output options''
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Ethernet PCI Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*SGI GigE with SGI part number 9210289
 +
*Alteon ACEnic 10/100/1000 †
 +
*Compaq NC7770 Gigabit Server Adapter † (Tigon3 chipset)
 +
*3Com 3C996 10/100/1000 PCI-X Server Network Interface Card † (Tigon3 chipset)
 +
*Generic BCM5704 Dual port Gigabit ‡
 +
 
 +
† see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=1672&highlight=nonsgi here] for hacking instructions
 +
 
 +
‡ Broadcom cards are discussed in-depth in [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16718780 this thread]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Fibre Channel PCI Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*Qlogic QLA-2200 (single-port, 1GB/s)
 +
*Qlogic QLA2310/2310F (single-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
 +
*QLogic QLA2340 (single-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
 +
*QLogic QLA2342 (dual-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
 +
*QLogic QLA2344 (quad-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
 +
*LSI LSI7104XP-LC (single-port, 4GB/s, requiresIRIX6.5.28 or later)
 +
*LSI LSI7204XP-LC (dual-port, 4GB/s, requiresIRIX6.5.28 or later)
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''SAS/SATA PCI Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*LSI SAS3041X-R 4 internal SAS/SATA ports
 +
*LSI SAS3442X 8-port SAS/SATA HBA (4 ports internal, 4 external)
 +
*LSI SAS3442X-R 8-port SAS/SATA HBA
 +
*LSI SAS3080X-R 8 internal SAS/SATA ports (the HP 347786-B21 is an OEM version)
 +
*LSI SAS3800X 8 external SAS/SATA ports
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''SCSI PCI Cards'''
  
 
*SGI 2-Port PCIX Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA - SGI Part # PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P
 
*SGI 2-Port PCIX Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA - SGI Part # PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P
 +
*LSI LSI20320-HP Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (HP-oriented equivalent, single port only, no external connector)
 +
*LSI LSI21320-IS Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (OEM functional equivalent to PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P)
 +
*LSI LSI22320 Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (two external ports)
 +
*LSI LSI22320-R Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (two external ports) - SGI part number 013-1994-002
 
*Qlogic QLA-1080
 
*Qlogic QLA-1080
 
*Qlogic QLA-1280
 
*Qlogic QLA-1280
Line 62: Line 128:
 
*Qlogic QLA-12160
 
*Qlogic QLA-12160
  
Fibre Channel:
 
  
*Qlogic QLA-2200
+
'''Serial PCI Cards'''
  
Gigabit Ethernet PCI Cards:
+
*PCI Serial I/O (UFC), SGI Part # 030-1657-003
  
*Alteon ACEnic 10/100/1000*
 
*Compaq NC7770 Gigabit Server Adapter* (Tigon3 chipset)
 
*3Com 3C996 10/100/1000 PCI-X Server Network Interface Card* (Tigon3 chipset)
 
* see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=1672&highlight=nonsgi here] for hacking instructions
 
  
USB Devices  
+
'''USB PCI Cards'''
 +
 
 +
*Adaptec AUA 3020 Rev B Firewire/USB Combo card (blue PCB), see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16719324&p=7283417&#p7283417 this thread] for details (Rev A with blue PCB prevents my Fuel from booting --S.)
 +
*Belkin F5U220
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Firewire PCI Cards''' ([http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=14&t=16724415#p7333432 the DM10 software package is required)]
 +
 
 +
*Adaptec AFW4300B (red PCB)
 +
*Belkin F5U503Vea1 (blue PCB, both as per [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=9046#p69182hardware aggregator])
 +
*Belkin F5U503 revS-3 as used to connect a hard drive, described [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&p=7353123#p7353123 here]
 +
*Other PCI FireWire boards with the TI TSB43AB23 IEEE-1394a-2000 controller should work, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727579#p7358734 this post]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Firewire-connected Devices'''
 +
 
 +
Note: IRIX support for FAT file systems is limited to FAT16 / 2GB.
 +
*Flash Card Readers
 +
**Microtech FW CameraMate (Compact Flash - there is also an SCM branded version of the CameraMate) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=14157&start=0&st=0&sk=t&sd=a& this thread] for details.
 +
**Lexar RW-19b Firewire (Compact Flash) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&start=15 this thread] for details.
 +
**SanDisk Extreme IV FireWire Reader/Writer (Compact Flash) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&start=15 this thread] for details.
 +
**HAMA Traveldrive CF (Compact Flash) - see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&start=15 this thread] for details.
 +
 
 +
*Hard Drives
 +
**Maxtor One Touch II - Combo USB2 and Firewire (300Gig)
 +
**Elite Pro FireWire Enclosure with Oxford911+ chipset
 +
**LaCie Hard Drive (design by F.A. Porsche)
 +
**LaCie d2 Quadra 1TB (designed by Neil Poulton, not an Oxford911 chipset, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724606&p=7353123#p7353123 here])
 +
**Any unit using the Oxford 911 chipset ''may'' work
 +
 
 +
*Video Display/Capture
 +
**AV/C Devices, can display live video on the desktop or capture video in digital ([http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359907 DIF/DV/DVCPRO]) format:
 +
***Canopus ADVC-300 - firewire connected analog-to-digital converter/capture device, captures video in DV/DIF format, [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655 read through this topic for details]
 +
***ADS PYRO A/V Link - professional quality DV breakout box Model 550, mentioned in DM10 release notes as an approved device, but so far [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359828 no reports of successful use]
 +
**IIDC Devices, display live video on the desktop or in a [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359993 web page using IRIX Outbox]:
 +
***Apple iSight, original external "can" version, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655 this thread]
 +
***Orange Micro iBot Firewire Cam, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655#p7359628 this post]
 +
***ADS Pyro 1394 Web Cam, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16727655&start=15#p7359974 this post]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Serial-connected Devices'''
 +
 
 +
*WACOM tablets via serial port: Intuos A3 Tablet GD-0912-R using driver from  http://www.wacom.com/productsupport/sgi_sun.cfm
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''USB-connected Devices'''
  
 
*Microsoft Intellimouse Explorer USB
 
*Microsoft Intellimouse Explorer USB
Line 84: Line 190:
 
*Logitech TrackMan Wheel USB mouse (scroll supported) - on O3200, should work on Fuel too?
 
*Logitech TrackMan Wheel USB mouse (scroll supported) - on O3200, should work on Fuel too?
 
*Sony VAIO USB mouse  
 
*Sony VAIO USB mouse  
* See [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=10957 here] for info on setting ioconfig.conf. Use '''man usbinput'''.
+
** See [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=10957 here] for info on setting ioconfig.conf. Use '''man usbinput'''.
  
Serial Devices
+
A number of cheap USB audio devices are known to work for output only, see [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725440&p=7341670 this thread] for details
  
*WACOM tablets via serial port: Intuos A3 Tablet GD-0912-R using driver from  http://www.wacom.com/productsupport/sgi_sun.cfm
 
  
 +
== Operating System Support ==
  
Firewire (IEEE1394) Devices thru DM10 Digital Media Option
+
=== IRIX ===
  
*Any Oxford 911 chipset firewire hard drive interface including the Maxtor One-Touch and Lacie "Designed by FA Porsche" external drives
+
[[IRIX]] Versions from 6.5.17 through 6.5.30 are supported on this machine. Firewire support became functional around 6.5.27
*Microtech Cameramate CF card interface
+
  
== IRIX support ==
 
  
[[IRIX]] Versions from 6.5.17 up to the latest overlay (6.5.30 at this time) are supported on this machine. Firewire support became functional around 6.5.27
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
 +
xfs_fsr locks up the system while running against the file system on any firewire drive. This has been a problem for over two years now with no repair in sight.
  
== Further reading ==
+
Temperature sensing on early Fuel mainboards is notoriously prone to failure, rendering the computer inoperable if environment monitoring is left on. Amateur repairs are possible, see here : [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16206]
 +
 
 +
=== Fuel PSU Issue and Environmental monitoring ===
 +
 
 +
Fuel power supplies are variants of off-the-shelf units offered for consumer PCs. However the pinouts, if not hte voltages and functions, differ even though the OEM part numbers do not. This is described in [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16724569 this forum thread] and includes speculation about substituting one for the other. If you pursue this please be aware that you do so at your own risk, but please share the results with the community if you are successful.
 +
 
 +
'''TODO:''' write about L1 monitoring of PSU fan speeds and the Fuel just knowing its not a SGI PSU.
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.dualathlonservers.com/powersupplies/nmbps.pdf Very similar PSU]
 +
 
 +
=== PSU Repair ===
 +
 
 +
* [[Fuel PSU repair]] wiki topic from [http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725574&start=15 this] forum topic.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Further Reading ==
 
[http://sgistuff.g-lenerz.de/hardware/machines/fuel.php SGIstuff: Hardware: Machines: Fuel]
 
[http://sgistuff.g-lenerz.de/hardware/machines/fuel.php SGIstuff: Hardware: Machines: Fuel]
  
[http://www.sgi.com/products/workstations/fuel/ Fuel at SGI.com]
+
[http://www.sgi.com/products/remarketed/workstations/fuel.html Fuel overview at SGI.com]
 +
 
 +
[http://techpubs.sgi.com/library/tpl/cgi-bin/listdocs.cgi?coll=hdwr&prods=Fuel Fuel documents at SGI.com]
 +
 
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SGI_Fuel Wikipedia page]
  
 
[http://www.linux-mips.org/wiki/IP35 IP35 at linux-mips.org]
 
[http://www.linux-mips.org/wiki/IP35 IP35 at linux-mips.org]
Line 110: Line 234:
 
[http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=9046&start=0 Fuel Hardware Aggregator at nekochan.net]
 
[http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?t=9046&start=0 Fuel Hardware Aggregator at nekochan.net]
  
 +
[http://forums.nekochan.net/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=16725440&p=7341670 Discussion of compatible audio devices at nekochan.net]
 +
 +
[[Restore Fuel L1 firmware after broken update]]
 +
 +
== References ==
 +
 +
<references />
  
 
[[Category:SGI workstations|Fuel]]
 
[[Category:SGI workstations|Fuel]]

Latest revision as of 04:29, 9 July 2016

An SGI Fuel
Another SGI Fuel

The Silicon Graphics Fuel, introduced in 2002, was intended to be a single-CPU midrange solution for those customers who did not need multiple-CPU capability, thus offering a much cheaper system compared to a baseline Tezro or top-spec single-CPU Octane2. There is at least one anecdotal report that the Fuel was still being manufactured as late as 2010, though in theory availability of all MIPS-based products ended in 2007.[1]

Contrary to popular belief, Fuel was not a successor to O2. SGI never made a follow-on to O2; a new system was designed (internally known as the Banana2000 or b2k) but was never developed beyond a prototype.

System Architecture

Fuel shares the IP35-architecture with Origin 300, Origin 350, Origin 3000, Onyx 3000 and Tezro systems.

CPU Options

Memory Subsystem

On introduction SGI claimed an industry-leading 3.2 GByte-per-second processor to memory bandwidth, and half that to the graphics subsystem. The DIMMS used are compatible with those used in the Origin 3000, Origin 300, Origin 350, and the Tezro. There are a total of four slots, organized into two banks of two slots. This results in a memory capacity from 512 MBytes to 4 Gbytes total system memory.

All models based on the Origin 3000 architecture use Double Data Rate (DDR) synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM), at the lowest level organized into banks of two DIMMs each - memory may only be added or removed from the system in pairs of two DIMMs. Both DIMMs within a bank must be of the same density, however two different banks may hold different density DIMMs from each other.

SGI produced DIMMs with capacities of 256MB to 1GB, using DRAM chips with densities of either 128 Mbits or 256 Mbits. All DIMMs include directory memory to support cache coherence between local and remote memory, but some parts include "premium" directory memory which is recommended for configurations with more than 128 processors. Memory was generally marketed in kits of two DIMMs, where the capacity of the kit would be given as 512MB, 1GB, or 2GB.

The following table shows the part numbers for individual DIMMs according to their capacity.

Origin 3000 Family DIMM Part Numbers
Capacity Standard Directory Premium Directory Notes
256 MB 030-1018-00x
512 MB 030-1044-00x, 030-1746-00x,

DATARAM 63610?

030-1041-00x, 030-1042-00x,

DATARAM 63673 ?

1 GB 030-1850-00x,

DATARAM 63646?

030-1060-00x,

DATARAM 63674?

I/O Subsystem

  • PS2 Mouse/Keyboard ports
  • One 10BaseT/100BaseT Ethernet
  • Two serial RS232 ports (DB9)
  • One bidirectional parallel port
  • Two USB ports
  • 4 PCI slots: 2x 66MHz and 2x 33MHz 64bit
  • 2 Internal SCSI Controllers QL12160
  • SCSI CDROM

Graphics Subsystem

The VPro graphics chipset that SGI started for the Octane2 was also used for this system.

  • VPro10 32 MegaBytes RAM
  • VPro12 128 MegaBytes RAM
  • Dual Channel Display option (2 DVI-I ports)

Sound

Fuel comes with no sound option installed, however the system can be expanded with PCI or USB soundcards (see "Add-on options")

System ID

The System ID is stored in a Atmel EPROM and DS1742W-120, as discussed on this forum topic.

Power Supply

The Fuel used several different power supplies over the life of the model. These units conform to the WTX specification, which has at minimum a different pinout from contemporary ATX units. It is believed that SGI also requested other changes for this application, including a special monitoring circuit documented here and here in the forums.

  • NMB GM430WTXW01SSV rev. 02 (430W), OEM P/N SG002A430WSW, SGI P/N 060-0140-004 rev B
  • HIPRO HP-W460GC33 (460W), SGI p/n 060-0140-007
  • Sparkle FSP460-60PFN (460W), SGI p/n 060-0202-001

See the Troubleshooting section for more information about Fuel power supplies.

Add-On Options

First section will cover PCI/PCI-X cards, with the official SGI Digital Media options listed first, then alphabetical by interface/function. Second section will cover devices interfaced through said cards that are known to work. (ToDo: Determine if this is useful to abstract into a separate page that can be included for all IP35-family machines)


SGI Digital Media Pro PCI Cards

  • DM6 Standard-Definition Digital I/O
  • DM8 Audio Card
  • DM10 1394 (FireWire) Card. 400 Mbps


Audio PCI Cards

  • M-audio Revolution 7.1 PCI card (the OEM version of the DM8)
  • RAD Digital Audio PCI cards, 3.3 volt cards only!
    • Native 3.3 volt-only cards, SGI Part # 030-1441-001 & SGI Part # 030-1649-001
    • Modified 5 volt cards, SGI Part # 030-0950-00?, only after modification per this thread
  • Creative Soundblaster Audigy, P/N SB0090, produces a warning message on boot (relating to the unsupported PCI-Firewire interface on the card) but works fine per this thread
  • Creative Soundblaster Audigy ES, P/N SB0160, according to this post - produces the same warning as the SB0090 above
  • Creative Soundblaster Audigy2 ZS, with audio sync issues per this post

see USB Devices for more audio output options


Ethernet PCI Cards

  • SGI GigE with SGI part number 9210289
  • Alteon ACEnic 10/100/1000 †
  • Compaq NC7770 Gigabit Server Adapter † (Tigon3 chipset)
  • 3Com 3C996 10/100/1000 PCI-X Server Network Interface Card † (Tigon3 chipset)
  • Generic BCM5704 Dual port Gigabit ‡

† see here for hacking instructions

‡ Broadcom cards are discussed in-depth in this thread


Fibre Channel PCI Cards

  • Qlogic QLA-2200 (single-port, 1GB/s)
  • Qlogic QLA2310/2310F (single-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
  • QLogic QLA2340 (single-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
  • QLogic QLA2342 (dual-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
  • QLogic QLA2344 (quad-port, 2GB/s, requires IRIX6.5.18 or later)
  • LSI LSI7104XP-LC (single-port, 4GB/s, requiresIRIX6.5.28 or later)
  • LSI LSI7204XP-LC (dual-port, 4GB/s, requiresIRIX6.5.28 or later)


SAS/SATA PCI Cards

  • LSI SAS3041X-R 4 internal SAS/SATA ports
  • LSI SAS3442X 8-port SAS/SATA HBA (4 ports internal, 4 external)
  • LSI SAS3442X-R 8-port SAS/SATA HBA
  • LSI SAS3080X-R 8 internal SAS/SATA ports (the HP 347786-B21 is an OEM version)
  • LSI SAS3800X 8 external SAS/SATA ports


SCSI PCI Cards

  • SGI 2-Port PCIX Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA - SGI Part # PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P
  • LSI LSI20320-HP Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (HP-oriented equivalent, single port only, no external connector)
  • LSI LSI21320-IS Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (OEM functional equivalent to PCIX-SCSI-U4-2P)
  • LSI LSI22320 Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (two external ports)
  • LSI LSI22320-R Ultra320 SCSI LVD/SE HBA (two external ports) - SGI part number 013-1994-002
  • Qlogic QLA-1080
  • Qlogic QLA-1280
  • Qlogic QLA-10160
  • Qlogic QLA-12160


Serial PCI Cards

  • PCI Serial I/O (UFC), SGI Part # 030-1657-003


USB PCI Cards

  • Adaptec AUA 3020 Rev B Firewire/USB Combo card (blue PCB), see this thread for details (Rev A with blue PCB prevents my Fuel from booting --S.)
  • Belkin F5U220


Firewire PCI Cards (the DM10 software package is required)

  • Adaptec AFW4300B (red PCB)
  • Belkin F5U503Vea1 (blue PCB, both as per aggregator)
  • Belkin F5U503 revS-3 as used to connect a hard drive, described here
  • Other PCI FireWire boards with the TI TSB43AB23 IEEE-1394a-2000 controller should work, see this post


Firewire-connected Devices

Note: IRIX support for FAT file systems is limited to FAT16 / 2GB.

  • Flash Card Readers
    • Microtech FW CameraMate (Compact Flash - there is also an SCM branded version of the CameraMate) - see this thread for details.
    • Lexar RW-19b Firewire (Compact Flash) - see this thread for details.
    • SanDisk Extreme IV FireWire Reader/Writer (Compact Flash) - see this thread for details.
    • HAMA Traveldrive CF (Compact Flash) - see this thread for details.
  • Hard Drives
    • Maxtor One Touch II - Combo USB2 and Firewire (300Gig)
    • Elite Pro FireWire Enclosure with Oxford911+ chipset
    • LaCie Hard Drive (design by F.A. Porsche)
    • LaCie d2 Quadra 1TB (designed by Neil Poulton, not an Oxford911 chipset, see here)
    • Any unit using the Oxford 911 chipset may work
  • Video Display/Capture


Serial-connected Devices


USB-connected Devices

  • Microsoft Intellimouse Explorer USB
  • Apple Mighty Mouse
  • Apple Pro-Keyboard
  • IBM Preferred USB Keyboard
  • Griffin iMic and iMic2
  • Telex USB audio device
  • Apple iMac Graphite USB keyboard
  • Logitech TrackMan Wheel USB mouse (scroll supported) - on O3200, should work on Fuel too?
  • Sony VAIO USB mouse
    • See here for info on setting ioconfig.conf. Use man usbinput.

A number of cheap USB audio devices are known to work for output only, see this thread for details


Operating System Support

IRIX

IRIX Versions from 6.5.17 through 6.5.30 are supported on this machine. Firewire support became functional around 6.5.27


Troubleshooting

xfs_fsr locks up the system while running against the file system on any firewire drive. This has been a problem for over two years now with no repair in sight.

Temperature sensing on early Fuel mainboards is notoriously prone to failure, rendering the computer inoperable if environment monitoring is left on. Amateur repairs are possible, see here : [1]

Fuel PSU Issue and Environmental monitoring

Fuel power supplies are variants of off-the-shelf units offered for consumer PCs. However the pinouts, if not hte voltages and functions, differ even though the OEM part numbers do not. This is described in this forum thread and includes speculation about substituting one for the other. If you pursue this please be aware that you do so at your own risk, but please share the results with the community if you are successful.

TODO: write about L1 monitoring of PSU fan speeds and the Fuel just knowing its not a SGI PSU.

PSU Repair


Further Reading

SGIstuff: Hardware: Machines: Fuel

Fuel overview at SGI.com

Fuel documents at SGI.com

Wikipedia page

IP35 at linux-mips.org

Fuel Hardware Aggregator at nekochan.net

Discussion of compatible audio devices at nekochan.net

Restore Fuel L1 firmware after broken update

References

  1. Sturges, Jonathan (April 28 2015). "Whither Solaris 10". http://www.sunhelp.org/pipermail/rescue/2015-April/136729.html.